Social Science Baha

Youth, Migration and Entrepreneurship in Nepal

Funded by: The World Bank
Project duration: March 2012 to September 2012

This research was undertaken to examine and analyse the factors that have affected the Government of Nepal’s (GoN) youth and entrepreneurship policies and initiatives. It also sought to increase understanding of the situation of migrants out of Nepal, with special emphasis on the impact of overseas labour on the potential for entrepreneurship upon their return, constraints they face in such endeavours, and strategies to draw youth migrants more actively and effectively into the economic growth of Nepal.

The study examined migrants falling in the 16- to 40-year-old age group, based on the GoN definition of youth. The main objectives of the study were: (i) to address a recognised gap in knowledge on the situation of young Nepali migrant returnees with a focus on skills and attitudes and identify entry points to inform Government policies and programmes relating to youth migration and entrepreneurship, and (ii) to inform and assist in the preparation of the Ministry of Youth and Sports’ new Youth Strategic Plan that is currently under preparation.

The study included a rapid situational assessment which surveyed 303 migrant returnees from six divergent districts. This assessment was further supplemented by Key Informant Interviews, Focus Group Discussions, and three feedback consultations on the study’s findings which were organised with various stakeholders. The study also consisted of a mapping exercise to scope out the work of major youth groups as well as government/non-government agencies. The final report, ‘Migration and Entrepreneurship in Nepal with a focus on Youth: An Initial Analysis’ was published in July, 2013.