Social Science Baha

State of Migration in Nepal

Supported by: The Foundation to Promote Open Society (FPOS)
July 2014 

Centre for Study of Labour and Mobility (CESLAM) at Social Science Baha carried out a comprehensive analysis of the available data on migration in Nepal. Although Nepalis are going abroad in large numbers, due to the lack of effective government mechanism, there is no concrete data on the number of migrants. This study explores various sources that detail the number of migrants who go abroad for various reasons. While the focus is undoubtedly on labour migration, this working paper also depicts other aspects of migration, such as internal migration, international migration, and immigration. By reviewing the available data, from government censuses and surveys over the years, the Department of Foreign Employment, Nepal Rastra Bank, and Ministry of finance, among others, a number of issues in the governmental data has been discussed and policy changes suggested. The study considered aspects such as the socio-economic profile of migrants, their places of origin and destination, the reasons for migration, their employment status and literacy level, and earnings from remittances. The findings of the study are summarised in State of Migration in Nepal, whichwas published on July 2014.