Survey on Migration Flow between Nepal and Japan
Project Description: The overall objective of this study was to understand the flows of returnee migrant workers from industrialised countries such as Japan and identify their interests and skills to work in the industrial sector of Nepal as well as the factors preventing and supporting their reintegration into the Nepali labour markets. The study also aimed to identify the initiatives and the policy measures of the Nepal government to involve returnee migrant workers from countries like Japan in industrial or any other sectors of Nepali economy. The study also explored the current situation of the industrial sector in Nepal, including the capacity and interest of Nepali employers in accommodating the skills and experiences of returnee migrant workers.
Gender-Based Violence Institutions and Community Capacities Increased to Prevent and Respond to Gender-Based Violence
Project Description: This research project had the goal of improving the efficiency and effectiveness of screening and service provision to victims of trafficking in persons (TIP) and gender-based violence (GBV) in diverse contexts. The primary objective was to identify promising practices and challenges in integrating or separating services for victims of human trafficking and GBV.
Energy on the Move: Longitudinal Perspectives on Energy Transitions Among Marginal Populations (A Comparative Study)
This main objective of this project was to understand better and develop routes to successful energy transition for the poorest and most disadvantaged in four low-income countries: Nepal, Bangladesh, South Sudan and Nigeria. We focused on the live experiences of marginal women, men and youth who persistently fall outside current market development mechanisms, un-connected with normal urban infrastructure networks or services. They must also cope with challenges of climate change and other environmental disasters in conditions of political fragility. In this one-year pilot study [shaped by the budget and time frame available] we focused on a capital city peri-urban site in each country where there were many recent in-migrants living in extreme poverty and beyond current infrastructure networks. The project provided vital lessons for subsequent wider investigation by this or other research groups.
Negotiating Gender-Equitable Change: Role of Informal Practices and Networks
Social Science Baha worked with Dr Sohela Nazneen of the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK, on the Effective States and Inclusive Development Research Centre project entitled ‘Negotiating gender equitable change: role of informal practices and networks’ as outlined in the proposal and according to further methodological refinements as discussed with Dr Nazneen and captured in the document titled ‘Response to Reviewers’. In particular, Social Science Baha will undertake the case study for Nepal and contribute to the comparative analysis of case studies.
Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence (GAGE)
GAGE (Gender and Adolescence Global Evidence) is a 9 year (2015-2024) longitudinal research programme that focused on understanding what sorts of interventions at what junctures work to advance adolescent girls capabilities involving three broad research components. The evidence gap maps and synthesis reviews on best practice in tackling adolescent girls vulnerabilities (from child marriage to adolescent suicide to economic asset deficits). It was a longitudinal mixed methods study of adolescent girls and their families, tracing changes over time into early adulthood in four countries (Bangladesh, Nepal, Ethiopia, Rwanda).
Institutionalizing and Strengthening Labour Migration Governance and Delegation of Institutions and Authorities at the Local Level to Support Rehabilitation and Reintegration of Returnee Migrant Workers Affected by COVID-19 Crisis
Project Description: The main objectives of this study was to identify the needs and vulnerabilities of returnee migrants through research for the advocacy at the national level; advocate for the delegation of labour migration-related authorities and institutions at the local level to establish the complaint or referral mechanism, compensation, regulation of agents and sub-agents; recommend the Government of Nepal for the formulation and implementation of plans and strategies related to effective rehabilitation and socio-economic reintegration; and liaise with different state and non-state actors relevant to the labour and migration and build a partnership for effective advocacy for the creation and exploration of employment opportunities in the local and foreign markets in post-COVID-19 situations.
Expertise, Labour and Mobility in Nepal’s Post-Conflict, Post-Disaster Reconstruction
This study aimed to understand the socio-political effects of Nepal’s 2015 earthquakes and post-earthquake reconstruction. The main objectives were: 1) To build an international network of scholars, academic institutions, and non-profit organizations focusing on post-earthquake reconstruction and social transformation in Nepal, with strong nodes in Canada, Nepal, and Denmark (with the Danish connection furnishing links to the Copenhagen Centre for Disaster Research); 2) To collaboratively develop and deploy mixed ethnographic and survey methods through three pilot research projects in selected earthquake-affected areas of rural and peri-urban Nepal where team members have existing relationships. These focused on three domains of expertise critical to post-conflict and post-disaster transformation: construction (engineers, architects, and traditional builders); law (politicians, civil servants, and lawyers); and finance (bankers, corporate investors, and microfinance/cooperative fund managers); 3) to enhance training and research capacity in Canada and Nepal, with an emphasis on field-based methods; 4) to build foundations for a larger Partnership Grant application to investigate and improve post-disaster reconstruction in mountainous regions with a focus on the trans-Himalayan region, using a framework that addresses both Connection and Insight approaches.
Operational Research on ‘What’s Working and What’s Not (Gender-Based Violence Prevention and Response Project)’
UNFPA was piloting innovative approaches in Okhaldhunga and Udayapur districts to address social norms that are at the root of gender-based discrimination and violence. The pilot also focused on building capacities of locally elected representatives and their offices (municipalities) in understanding gender inequalities and in supporting/institutionalising prevention and response mechanisms. Social Science Baha conducted operational research to accompany the pilot throughout its life cycle, from inception to completion, to identify approaches that have worked.
After the Earth’s Violent Sway: The Tangible and Intangible Legacies of a Natural Disaster
Project Description: Nepal emerged from a ten-year civil war in 2006, and the country’s main political players then embarked upon the long process of transition political transition. The 2015 earthquakes had a major impact upon this process. The project investigated and documented the long term cultural and political impacts of Nepal’s 2015 earthquakes. It explored the ways in which they influenced the ongoing political, media and literary discourse on a number of key cultural, social and political issues. It showed how the restoration of destroyed physical heritage is carried out. It also draws historical comparisons between the sociocultural and political impacts of the 2015 quakes and those of the major quakes that struck Nepal during earlier periods of political and cultural transition in 1833 and 1934. It also archives material to identify the permanent marks left by previous disasters.
International Conference on Resilient Social Protection for an Inclusive Future
Project Description: The ‘International Conference on Resilient Social Protection for an Inclusive Future’ was organised on September 18 and 19, jointly with NPC, ILO, GIZ, UN ESCAP, The World Bank, UNICEF and UKAid. The conference aimed to support the Government of Nepal to deliver in its vision to deliver a core package of social protection for all and become a more prosperous nation, with a focus on the next generation and the most vulnerable. Recognising that there are many paths towards universal social protection, and programmes in different countries have followed different paths towards their expansion and consolidation, the conference aimed to bring regional experience and practice to offer a realistic path to support Nepal achieve this ambition moving forward.
Developing Monitoring and Reporting Framework for Labour Migration-Related SDG Targets and Indicators and National GCM Implementation Strategy
Project Description: Foreign labour migration is likely to play a key role as a source of employment for Nepalis for years to come in the future. In recognition of this fact, the government has taken some initiatives towards enhancing safe, regular and beneficial migration. The monitoring of and reporting on SDG indicators related to labour migration (SDGs 8 and 10) is one such step towards making labour migration safe for Nepalis. On behalf of the National Planning Commission (NPC) and with the support of ILO, the Centre for the Study of Labour and Mobility (CESLAM) at Social Science Baha is undertaking the task of developing a monitoring and reporting (M&R) framework to help the NPC establish a standard set of tools and mechanisms on labour migration-related SDG targets and indicators that would help it report the progress on SDGs to UN High Level Political Forum (HLPT) on Sustainable Development. The tools and mechanisms will also benefit other actors working in the area of labour and migration and the decent work agenda in Nepal. Simultaneously, the project will support the Ministry of Labour Employment and Social Security (MOLESS) to develop the National Global Compact on Migration Implementation Strategies.
Mapping of Recruitment Agencies Supplying Workers to Jordan, Qatar and Malaysia
Project Description: The Centre for the Study of Labour and Mobility (CESLAM) at Social Science Baha conducted a mapping exercise involving Private Recruitment Agencies (PRAs) that are already engaged in or interested in being engaged in fair recruitment practices. The research project seeks to prepare comprehensive profiles of the selected PRAs that recruit workers for Jordan, Malaysia and Qatar. The study examined the recruitment processes followed by selected PRAs, including hiring, pre-deployment and post-deployment procedures. The research output helped ILO-Nepal in its search for possible partners for its two projects – the Integrated Programme on Fair Recruitment (FAIR) and the Global Action to Improve the Recruitment Framework of Labour Migration (REFRAME).