The Role of Intermediaries and Other Private/Public Sector Actors in the Recruitment Process in Nepal, in Relation to the Labour Migration of Nepali Workers
Project Description: This study aimed to use the narratives of migrant workers to document the migration experience and identify the various intermediaries involved in facilitating migration for foreign employment. It examined the interaction of migrant workers with various actors in the recruitment process, estimate the cumulative costs of transactions incurred as they work through agents and other intermediaries, identify various other services these intermediaries provide to migrant workers, such as lending money, and understand the strategies workers use to meet these costs. The study also examined existing policies that govern and regulate the activities of the above-mentioned actors, and the actual practices, while taking heed of non-regulatory measures such as community-driven interventions, and examine how they help or hinder fair recruitment.
Access to Legal Support for Migrant Workers for Violations in the Recruitment Process in Nepal: Opportunities and Challenges
Project Description: The proposed study aims to identify existing gaps, barriers and challenges that both prohibit and inhibit men and women migrant workers from accessing justice with complaints related to recruitment, and also identify practical solutions and policy changes to address these issues. The findings of the study can also facilitate the objectives and commitments made in the Global Compact for Migration (GCM), and also help attain the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially (SDG 10.7) to facilitate fair and ethical recruitment and access to justice in case of violation of rights of migrant workers.
Labour Administration in Nepal
This study assessed the functioning of labour administration in Nepal by analysing the current gaps (technical, human, financial, knowledge) as well as challenges and opportunities in labour administration practices at the federal, provincial and municipal government levels, the labour offices, labour departments, and labour courts, among others. Based on the evidence generated through this assessment, a practical strategic plan of action with clearly defined roles and responsibilities of relevant agencies and actors for a stronger labour administration system will be prepared. It is expected that the perceived Strategic Plan of Action for Labour Administration will be useful for all relevant governments and their agencies, trade unions and civil society organisations, the business community, and development partners.
Survey on Migration Flow between Nepal and Japan
Project Description: The overall objective of this study was to understand the flows of returnee migrant workers from industrialised countries such as Japan and identify their interests and skills to work in the industrial sector of Nepal as well as the factors preventing and supporting their reintegration into the Nepali labour markets. The study also aimed to identify the initiatives and the policy measures of the Nepal government to involve returnee migrant workers from countries like Japan in industrial or any other sectors of Nepali economy. The study also explored the current situation of the industrial sector in Nepal, including the capacity and interest of Nepali employers in accommodating the skills and experiences of returnee migrant workers.
Gender-Based Violence Institutions and Community Capacities Increased to Prevent and Respond to Gender-Based Violence
Project Description: This research project had the goal of improving the efficiency and effectiveness of screening and service provision to victims of trafficking in persons (TIP) and gender-based violence (GBV) in diverse contexts. The primary objective was to identify promising practices and challenges in integrating or separating services for victims of human trafficking and GBV.
Energy on the Move: Longitudinal Perspectives on Energy Transitions Among Marginal Populations (A Comparative Study)
This main objective of this project was to understand better and develop routes to successful energy transition for the poorest and most disadvantaged in four low-income countries: Nepal, Bangladesh, South Sudan and Nigeria. We focused on the live experiences of marginal women, men and youth who persistently fall outside current market development mechanisms, un-connected with normal urban infrastructure networks or services. They must also cope with challenges of climate change and other environmental disasters in conditions of political fragility. In this one-year pilot study [shaped by the budget and time frame available] we focused on a capital city peri-urban site in each country where there were many recent in-migrants living in extreme poverty and beyond current infrastructure networks. The project provided vital lessons for subsequent wider investigation by this or other research groups.
Negotiating Gender-Equitable Change: Role of Informal Practices and Networks
Social Science Baha worked with Dr Sohela Nazneen of the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK, on the Effective States and Inclusive Development Research Centre project entitled ‘Negotiating gender equitable change: role of informal practices and networks’ as outlined in the proposal and according to further methodological refinements as discussed with Dr Nazneen and captured in the document titled ‘Response to Reviewers’. In particular, Social Science Baha will undertake the case study for Nepal and contribute to the comparative analysis of case studies.
Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence (GAGE)
GAGE (Gender and Adolescence Global Evidence) is a 9 year (2015-2024) longitudinal research programme that focused on understanding what sorts of interventions at what junctures work to advance adolescent girls capabilities involving three broad research components. The evidence gap maps and synthesis reviews on best practice in tackling adolescent girls vulnerabilities (from child marriage to adolescent suicide to economic asset deficits). It was a longitudinal mixed methods study of adolescent girls and their families, tracing changes over time into early adulthood in four countries (Bangladesh, Nepal, Ethiopia, Rwanda).
Institutionalizing and Strengthening Labour Migration Governance and Delegation of Institutions and Authorities at the Local Level to Support Rehabilitation and Reintegration of Returnee Migrant Workers Affected by COVID-19 Crisis
Project Description: The main objectives of this study was to identify the needs and vulnerabilities of returnee migrants through research for the advocacy at the national level; advocate for the delegation of labour migration-related authorities and institutions at the local level to establish the complaint or referral mechanism, compensation, regulation of agents and sub-agents; recommend the Government of Nepal for the formulation and implementation of plans and strategies related to effective rehabilitation and socio-economic reintegration; and liaise with different state and non-state actors relevant to the labour and migration and build a partnership for effective advocacy for the creation and exploration of employment opportunities in the local and foreign markets in post-COVID-19 situations.
Expertise, Labour and Mobility in Nepal’s Post-Conflict, Post-Disaster Reconstruction
This study aimed to understand the socio-political effects of Nepal’s 2015 earthquakes and post-earthquake reconstruction. The main objectives were: 1) To build an international network of scholars, academic institutions, and non-profit organizations focusing on post-earthquake reconstruction and social transformation in Nepal, with strong nodes in Canada, Nepal, and Denmark (with the Danish connection furnishing links to the Copenhagen Centre for Disaster Research); 2) To collaboratively develop and deploy mixed ethnographic and survey methods through three pilot research projects in selected earthquake-affected areas of rural and peri-urban Nepal where team members have existing relationships. These focused on three domains of expertise critical to post-conflict and post-disaster transformation: construction (engineers, architects, and traditional builders); law (politicians, civil servants, and lawyers); and finance (bankers, corporate investors, and microfinance/cooperative fund managers); 3) to enhance training and research capacity in Canada and Nepal, with an emphasis on field-based methods; 4) to build foundations for a larger Partnership Grant application to investigate and improve post-disaster reconstruction in mountainous regions with a focus on the trans-Himalayan region, using a framework that addresses both Connection and Insight approaches.
Operational Research on ‘What’s Working and What’s Not (Gender-Based Violence Prevention and Response Project)’
UNFPA was piloting innovative approaches in Okhaldhunga and Udayapur districts to address social norms that are at the root of gender-based discrimination and violence. The pilot also focused on building capacities of locally elected representatives and their offices (municipalities) in understanding gender inequalities and in supporting/institutionalising prevention and response mechanisms. Social Science Baha conducted operational research to accompany the pilot throughout its life cycle, from inception to completion, to identify approaches that have worked.
After the Earth’s Violent Sway: The Tangible and Intangible Legacies of a Natural Disaster
Project Description: Nepal emerged from a ten-year civil war in 2006, and the country’s main political players then embarked upon the long process of transition political transition. The 2015 earthquakes had a major impact upon this process. The project investigated and documented the long term cultural and political impacts of Nepal’s 2015 earthquakes. It explored the ways in which they influenced the ongoing political, media and literary discourse on a number of key cultural, social and political issues. It showed how the restoration of destroyed physical heritage is carried out. It also draws historical comparisons between the sociocultural and political impacts of the 2015 quakes and those of the major quakes that struck Nepal during earlier periods of political and cultural transition in 1833 and 1934. It also archives material to identify the permanent marks left by previous disasters.