Social Science Baha

Ethno-Medico-Botanical Studies of Leguminosae in Langtang National Park, Central Nepal

Ila Shrestha

Langtang National Park is one of the floral and phytogeographically diverse area of Nepal. The park is situated in Central Nepal located at 28 degree 00’ N to 28 degree 20’N latitude, 85  degree 15’E to 86 degree 00’E longitude, occupying 1,710 sq. km where the altitude differ from 600 to 7,234 m  above the sea level. The area is bounded on the north by China, on the south by Nuwakot district, on the east by Dhading district and on the west by Sindhupalchowk district. The park is mainly inhabited by Tamang and Sherpa communities followed by Brahman Chhetri, Newar, Gurung, Ghale and Sarki are also inhabited. The people of this park have rich indigenous knowledge since time immemorial and also have been depend on herbal practices. Altogether 18 genera and 28 species of Leguminosae family have been recorded for remedy of different diseases such as anthelmintic, boils, bone fracture, burns, bodyache, cough, fever, gastritis, gout, Insect-bite, heart complaints, headache and indigestion.  Medicinal plants are a good asset in the rural economy and utilization and management of medicinal plant is one of the extra income sources of the community. Thus the study was under taken with a view to explore the existing plants resources of medicinal plants on Leguminosae.

Keywords: Langtang National Park, Ethnomedicobotany, Tamang, Indigenous Knowledge, Leguminosae