Political Parties of Nepal
2006, pp. vi+70
ISBN 99933 43 74 9
As part of its efforts to promote the social sciences in Nepal, Social Science Baha has initiated the publication of the Baha Occasional Paper Series and the Baha Working Paper Series. These series will provide opportunities for Nepali and foreign scholars to publish their works-in-progress and short monographs much quicker and in a format different from journals and books.
We hope the series will benefit readers by providing early access to new research as well as authors who will be able to revise and improve upon their works in the light of discussions generated by their publications. The first in the Baha Occasional Paper Series is by Krishna Hachhethu of the Centre for Nepal and Asian Studies, Tribhuvan University. ‘Political Parties of Nepal’ provides a concise overview of the history of the major political parties in Nepal. It describes the origins, development and profiles of Nepal’s major political parties and analyses the cultures and structures of these parties, including the inherent factionalism, (lack of) internal democracy and funding besides examining the ideologies and policies of the parties.
The main focus of the paper is the changes that were seen after the restoration of multiparty democracy in 1990 and especially in response to both national and international environments, including the Maoist insurgency from 1996 onwards and the royal takeover of October 2002. The writer contends that since all the parties have faced political crises, both internally and at the national level, they have not been able to devote much time to formulate meaningful policies. The paper concludes that the political parties have lost their credibility and that despite some major changes, the parties continue to be centralised, oligarchic, non-transparent and susceptible to internal conflicts and factionalism.
As the final manuscript was submitted in the autumn of 2003, the paper does not deal with more recent events, except in footnotes and the postscript. This, however, does not detract from the value of the paper since it is meant to be more a primer on the political parties than a document of contemporary affairs. We hope this publication will help readers understand better the structures, ideologies and policies of the political parties of Nepal, which in turn may provide fresh insights into the workings of Nepali politics and